Determining flow regime is important when calculating pressure drops and pumping requirements in the oil & gas industry, and chemical production. Additionally, some flow regimes are undesirable (such as slug flow, which can damage pipes through excessive vibration). Engineers will change pipe diameters and other process parameters so the flow regime is more favorable.

In the spreadsheet, simply enter the liquid and gas flowrates.

The spreadsheet will then plot the location of the flow on a flow regime map for horizontal and vertical pipes. The horizontal and vertical axes are the Gas Froude Number and Liquid Froude Number.

The spreadsheet uses the flow regime maps digitized from Shell DEP 31.22.05.11 (the "DEP" is short for Design and Engineering Practice")

Many flow regime maps have been developed by different researchers. For example,

- Mandhane et al (1974) published a map for two-phase horizontal flow
- Hewitt and Roberts (1969) published a map for two-phase vertical flow
- Taitel and Dukel (1976) published a map for two-phase horizontal flow

There are, however, inconsistencies in the definition of flow regimes in these different maps. For example, some maps give different flow regimes at the same conditions.

The horizontal and vertical maps given in Shell DEP 31.22.05.11 were developed by a single source, and have a consistent definition of flow regimes. Therefore, engineers can compare potential flow regimes in horizontal and vertical pipes.

## 1 comments:

On your 'Flow regime Calculator" Spreadsheet, i wonder if there's an error in calculating the gas and liquid Froude numbers. It looks like the excel formula used is the superficial velocity divided by the sqRt of g*D (so far so good for the superficial froude number) times the sqRt of the ratio of the gas (or liquid) density to the difference in the liquid and gas density. It's this last ratio that seems incorrect. Is it supposed to equal the void fraction "alpha" or what? Your help would be much appreciated. The program has been quite useful. Pls reply to me at kirsner@kirsner.org

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